Since 2006 at least 60,000 homicides have been related to organized crime which reached its peak in 2012. The violence that came along with Mexico’s drug trafficking organizations is something that was never seen before.
The illicit drug trade has always been present in Mexico and in the last years the drug trafficking organizations have been violently fighting for control of smuggling routes into the United States.
The violence that came along with these organizations is something that was never seen before, including mass killings, torture and dismemberment.
Besides the specific areas where security is not the best such as Ciudad Juarez, the areas of the country that have been affected by the violence have been shifting overtime to include large cities such as Monterrey and also tourist zones such as Acapulco.
From 2006 to 2011 the government removed key leaders from each of the organizations through arrests. However these changes created a fragmentation, succession struggles and there are new competitions between members of the same trafficking organizations.
Between 2006 and 2012 two Drug Trafficking Organizations became dominant: the Sinaloa DTO in the west and Los Zetas in the east.
(Written and compiled by Paulina Fuentes)